If you have gone shopping for cannabis in your local dispensary, then you have noticed that the strains are broken down in three different groups: sativa, indica and, hybrid. Weed users prefer to sue the words Indica and Sativa to predict the side effects of a specific marijuana strain. 

It is therefore important to know the subtle difference between the two:

  • Sativa strains have cerebral effects that are good with social gatherings, creative projects, and sometimes, physical activities such as sports. It is considered uplifting.

  • Indica strains are perfect for relaxing with a nightcap before you sleep—this is because they are physically sedating.

If you have visited a budtender you might have realized that they will ask you the type you prefer. But looking at cannabinoid and terpenes present in indica and sativa respectively, you will realize that there are no clear patterns to explain why one type is uplifting and the other one sedating.

Indica and sativa strain are distinct, but this difference is only useful to growers.

In this article, I will look at the difference between indica and sativa .


How To Shop For Cannabis Without Saying “Sativa” Or “Indica”

As a cannabis consumer, shopping for a specific mood is important, that is why you should aim at understanding the cannabinoids and terpenes. We aim at helping you identity which strains are chemically similar, giving you a chance of avoiding particular chemical profiles in our article.

Are you prone to anxiety and looking to avoid an uncomfortable, racy experience? Then you can go for Harlequin, which has low levels of THC and high levels of CBD.

Although it’s not easy to group strains into the sativa- indica triumvirate, try using potency to guide you. You may find a strain packing 25% THC isn’t as enjoyable as the fragrant strain with  15% of THC or the balanced CBD/THC variety with 10% of each cannabinoid.

In addition, you might realize that you gravitate towards strains that express similar terpene profiles. For example, if you like Jack Herer, which is terpinolene- dominant, you are likely to enjoy XJ -13 or Golden Pineapple, which has the same profile.

Finding the right strain might require trial and error, and in case you are new to cannabis, look for an appropriate place to begin your search for a perfect experience.


Sativa Vs indica effects

A useful starting point when thinking of the effects of strains would be terpenes and cannabinoids. These are the things you should put in your back pocket if you haven’t done that already.

A researcher found that the way sativa and indica labels are utilized in commerce is unprofessional. The clinical effects of cannabis have nothing to do with whether the plant is tall, short, sparse, and bushy or whether the leaves are narrow or broad.

There is not scientific or factual basis for making broad sweeping recommendations (as done by budtenders) and it needs to stop immediately. We need to seek to understand better which standardized cannabis composition is causing which effects, at which doses, when delivered with which methods and to which type of users.

This simply means that not all sativas will energize you, and not all indicas  will sedate you. Actually, you may notice a tendency for the so- called sativas to be uplifting or indicas relaxing, especially when expecting to feel either way. Just note that there is no hard- and- fast rule, and chemical data doesn’t reflect a clear pattern.

The effects of different strains will always depend on a number of factors, which include the product’s chemical profile, your biological tolerance, consumption method and sometimes dosage. We can say that it depends on the cannabinoid and terpenes profile of the strain in other terms. Understanding how each of the factors mentioned above will change the experience gives you a better chance of finding a stain that is perfect for you.

Let’s dig deeper into this


An example of this is THC and CBD. These two examples are the main drivers of cannabis’ recreational and therapeutic effects.

  • THC makes us feel hungry and high. It relieves the symptoms like pain, anxiety and even nausea.

  • CBD is a non- intoxicating compound known to lift anxiety, inflammation, pain and other medical ailments.

Instead of choosing a strain based on it’s sativa or indica classification, consider basing your selection on the buckets outlined below:

THC-dominant strains

Users seeking potent euphoric experience choose THC-dominant strains. The strain is also indicated for patients for the treatment of depression, anxiety, pain, and insomnia. If you dislike the side effects associated with THC, choose a strain with high levels of CBD instead.

Balanced THC/ CBD strains

They contain equal level of THC and CBD, offering mild symptom relief. This is the perfect choice for those new to the cannabis world.

CBD- dominant strains

CBD-dominant strains contain small amounts of THC thus highly recommended for those sensitive to THC or patients looking for clear-headed symptom relief.

It’s important to note that sativa and indica strains exhibit these different cannabinoid profiles.


Have you used aromatherapy before to either relax or invigorate your body? If yes, you understand the basics of terpenes.

Fruits and plants commonly produce terpenes. They can be found in oranges, pepper, hops, lavender flowers and cannabis. They make cannabis smell like either pine, citrus, berries or oranges.

The commonly known terpenes are caryophyllene, limonene, myrcene, and terpinolene which occur in pronounced levels in marijuana.

At this point, I believe you understand how to differentiate sativa and indica.

The Commonly Asked Questions About Strains Types (FAQs)

When it comes to differentiating sativa and indica, many people find it hard. Nonetheless, the following frequently asked questions would shed some light.

Q: Is sativa used for treatment?

A: Yes, some sativa strains are believed to treat conditions related to pain, anxiety and depression.

Q: What is the difference between indica and sativa?

A: There is no known difference between the effects of indica and Sativa.

Q: What is indica used to treat?

A: Indica strains for medicinal purposes treat conditions related to inflammation, insomnia and anxiety.

 Our most popular indica strains are:

-          Borderliner XTRM Feminized

-          420 Carat Feminized

-          White Widow XTRM Feminized 

Our most popular sativa strains are:

-          AK 47 XTRM Feminized

-          AMS XTRM Feminized

-          Blue Dream XTRM Feminized

Final thoughts

How to tell the difference between sativa cannabis seeds and indica cannabis seeds may not be really possible, but you can choose a perfect strain based on it’s chemical composition. Cannabis is a personal experience, and whether you understand, what the difference between indica and sativa is or not, you can still select a strain that will sort your desires.

Understanding the nuisances of marijuana will give you an alternative perspective on the qualities to look for in a strain. Although there are many resources trying to explain the difference between sativa and indica, sometimes you just need the basics.


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