The Cannabis sativa plant is an annual herbaceous plant that comes from the cannabaceae family. The sativa species was first classified in 1753 by Carl Linnaeus, a botanist from Sweden who studied in the Netherlands. The Sativa is believed to have been derived from a common ancestor cannabis that originated in Central Asia before it has divided into the various gene pools of the cannabis sativa and the cannabis indica.

Sativa strains have a healing effect and offer the user an energetic and uplifting psychoactive state.

The cannabis sativa has a fairly longer growing period, which ultimately leads to high yields. Because pure sativa strains do not have autoflowering genetics, a change in the photoperiod is needed to get them into their flowering period.