Seed Classification of Cannabis

By: Juan Sebastian Chaves Gil

The world of cannabis has evolved significantly in recent decades, with notable advances in breeding and seed classification. We will explain and break down the main categories of cannabis seeds and explore their differences.

Regular Seeds:

Regular seeds are the closest to the cannabis plant in its natural state. They stand out for their ability to produce both male and female plants in approximately equal proportions. This versatility is appreciated by growers looking to reproduce specific varieties through selective crosses. However, identifying and discarding male plants can be a challenge, as only female plants produce valuable buds.

Feminized Seeds:

Feminized seeds are the result of genetic engineering to ensure that only female plants develop. These are ideal for growers seeking greater control over the light cycle and flowering time. They require an extended dark period to induce flowering, allowing growers to determine when and for how long their plants will bloom.

Autoflowering Seeds:

Autoflowering seeds, relatively new to the market, have gained popularity due to their ease of cultivation and rapid life cycle. These seeds automatically flower in a predefined period, regardless of specific light conditions. They transition from the vegetative to the flowering phase in a predetermined time, usually 2 to 4 weeks after germination. This allows harvesting plants in a relatively short time, typically between 8 and 10 weeks from germination.

Autoflowering seeds are ideal for small spaces and for those seeking faster harvests. They are compact and low-maintenance plants.


The Importance of Quality:

Regardless of the type of cannabis seed you choose, quality is essential. Quality seeds are distinguished by their color, which can be dark or light brown, and their vigorous germination capacity. Low-quality seeds often have a white, grayish, or green appearance and poor germination ability. Seed quality is a crucial factor influencing the success of your cultivation.

The classification of cannabis seeds into regular, feminized, and autoflowering provides growers with various options to suit their needs and preferences. Choosing the right and high-quality seed is the first step to a successful cultivation, and with the ongoing evolution of the cannabis industry, options continue to grow, giving cannabis enthusiasts more reasons to explore and experiment.

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