A large number of chemical compounds are at work in the human body. In the cannabis plant, you also find chemical compounds, the so-called Cannabinoids.
These different Cannabinoids all have different effects on the chemical compositions in the body. They respond to each other and also work together. A lot of scientific research is being done into these complex compositions and the way in which they work precisely.
You can distinguish two main groups within the cannabinoid category. These are the Endocannabinoids and Phytocannabinoids.
Endocannabinoids and Phytocannabinoids
Endocannabinoids are produced in the body. They are synthesized by enzymes through a process when they are needed. Their functions are addressed at those moments.
And then there are the Phytocannabinoids. These Phytocannabinoids are found in plants. They are compounds that are found in the Cannabis Sativa, for example.
If you use cannabis by smoking it. Or by eating it. Then the phytocannabinoids from the cannabis are absorbed into the body through the respiratory system or the digestive system. If the Phytocannabinoids are absorbed by the body, they work in a similar way to Endocannabinoids.
A lot of research is also being done in the field of Endocannabinoids. In particular, they investigate how they work and what effects they bring about. At the main level, you can distinguish two groups, namely Anandamide (AEA) and 2-arachidonoyl glycerol (2-AG). But in addition to these two, there are many other Endocannabinoids.
THC and CBD
Many more variations of the Phytocannabinoids are known. And more are being discovered. In addition, about 100 cannabinoids occur in the cannabis plant. The best known are
Δ9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) and cannabidiol (CBD). THC causes a high feeling when you use cannabis. CBD in particular has become popular in recent years because many people would benefit from it medically.
Now that we know this, the question arises: why do Cannabinoids have antioxidant effects?
Cannabinoids and the antioxidant effect
Cannabinoids have an antioxidant effect. And we know that antioxidants have a positive effect on health. You often hear that certain foods or supplements contain antioxidants. But what are antioxidants actually?
To know what antioxidants do and what they are exactly, we first have to take a step back. Antioxidants have to do with
the immune system and the inflammatory process in the human body.
When white blood cells are sent to a certain infected area in the body, they deal with unwanted intruders in different ways.
There are certain white blood cells that are designed to eat bacteria and viruses. That way they are deleted. Compare it to the way your stomach consumes a meal.
But white blood cells can also release free radicals, or reactive oxygen species (ROS). This allows them to help with damaged tissue or to prevent intruders.
Antioxidants respond to ROS and that makes cannabinoids very important. In addition to reducing the effects of ROS, which can be dangerous, they act as a powerful neuroprotectant. This reduces the risk of nerve cells being damaged.
Cannabinoids and receptors
There is something very interesting about this. Cannabinoids apparently work to do this process completely independently of the
CB1 or CB2 receptors. And that explains that cannabinoids have different mechanisms of action.
The fact remains that the cannabis plant still has many secrets. Every day more is discovered about the effect of certain substances from the plant on the human body. What is certain is that the marijuana plant has many antioxidants in it that have a positive effect on the body and that the cannabinoids are responsible for this. And the good news is that cannabis contains a lot of cannabinoids.